June 2, 2022
ANKARA, Turkey (AP)—Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu has sent a letter to the United Nations formally requesting that his country be referred to as “Türkiye,” the state-run news agency reported. The move is seen as part of a push by Ankara to rebrand the country and dissociate its name from the bird, turkey, and some negative connotations that are associated with it.
Anadolu Agency said Stephane Dujarric, spokesman to U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres, confirmed receipt of the letter late on Wednesday. The agency quoted Dujarric as saying that the name change had become effective “from the moment” the letter was received.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s government has been pressing for the internationally recognized name Turkey to be changed to “Türkiye” (tur-key-YAY) as it is spelled and pronounced in Turkish. The country called itself “Türkiye” in 1923 after its declaration of independence.
In December, Erdogan ordered the use of “Türkiye” to better represent Turkish culture and values, including demanding that “Made in Türkiye” be used instead of “Made in Turkey” on exported products. Turkish ministries began using “Türkiye” in official documents.
Earlier this year, the government also released a promotional video as part of its attempts to change its name in English. The video shows tourists from across the world saying “Hello Türkiye” at famous destinations.
The Turkish presidency’s Directorate of Communications said it launched the campaign “to promote more effectively the use of ‘Türkiye’ as the country’s national and international name on international platforms.”
It was not clear whether the name, with a letter that doesn’t exist in the English alphabet, will catch on widely abroad. In 2016, the Czech Republic officially registered its short-form name, Czechia, and while some international institutions use it, many still refer to the country by its longer name.
Turkey’s English-language state broadcaster TRT World has switched to using “Türkiye” although the word “Turkey” slips in by journalists still trying to get used to the change.
TRT World explained the decision in an article earlier this year, saying Googling “Turkey” brings up “a muddled set of images, articles, and dictionary definitions that conflate the country with Meleagris—otherwise known as the turkey, a large bird native to North America—which is famous for being served on Christmas menus or Thanksgiving dinners.”
The network continued: “Flip through the Cambridge Dictionary and ‘turkey’ is defined as ‘something that fails badly’ or ‘a stupid or silly person.’”
TRT World argued that Turks prefer their country to be called “Türkiye,” in “keeping with the country’s aims of determining how others should identify it.”
Questions Using Close Reading and Critical Thinking:
- The first section of an article should answer the questions “Who?” “What?” “When?” and “Where?” Identify the four W’s of this article. NOTE: The rest of the article provides details on the why and/or how.
- Does this article have any bias? Why or why not?
- When is the name change from “Turkey” to “Türkiye” effective?
- How is “Türkiye” pronounced?
- For how long has the country called itself “Türkiye”? Why did they start calling themselves this?
- What changes have been implemented surrounding the 2022 name change?
- What other country changed their name in 2016? What did they change it to?
- What reason(s) did TRT World give for not liking the name “Turkey”?
- Do you think the name change will catch on around the world? Why or why not?
- Imagine that the United States has decided to change its name. What should the new name be? Explain your reasoning.
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